The number of birth registrations in the country has far exceeded the number of population that was found by the latest national census in 2011.
As of September this year, the government had registered 16.72 crore births, around 11.69% higher than the 14.97 crore population enumerated by the adjusted results of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
Calculating the population growth rate, the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics website estimates the current population at 15.76 crore – which is still lower than the total registered births.
The largest spikes in birth registration trends come during the months when schools admit new students, different sources said, adding that although the total average daily birth registrations stand at around 80,000; the number almost quadruples during the school-admission season.
Senior officials of the birth registration project told the Dhaka Tribune that a large number of the population still remained out of the registration process, even though the registered births had already exceeded the original population by more than two crore.
Sources at the project also said that out of the total registered births, around 11.93 crore have been registered digitally and rest have been manually hand-written.
One can register births or deaths at their area’s respective offices concerned: zonal offices in city corporations, municipality offices or any digital centres at the union level.
“It is only a question of honesty. And there is no way to deny that a huge number of people have registered [births] twice or thrice as per their wish,” AKM Saiful Islam Chowdhury, project director of the Birth and Death Registration Project, told the Dhaka Tribune recently.
The situation had not improved despite introducing different protective measures against the practice of multiple registrations, he said.
“If we can establish an honest nation, only then can we claim that these numbers are correct,” Saiful added.
During an international conference in Switzerland this month, foreign participants laughed on hearing that Bangladesh had more birth registrations than actual population, Saiful told the Dhaka Tribune.
Abdul Mannan Kottal, a birth and death registration assistant of zone 4 (Mirpur) under Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC), claimed that during November and the first half of December, his office had issued over a hundred birth certificates a day, although the average daily number was never more than 20.
Contacting different union digital centres, the Dhaka Tribune also found a similar picture.
Farzana Bobby Nadira, a digital centre entrepreneur from Konabari union in Jhalokati, said the numbers increased during the school-admission season as the authorities had made birth certificates mandatory to ensure a seat in schools.
Sources said parents also manipulated their children’s age just before the registration for Junior School Certificate (JSC) examination in February-March.
“Most of the guardians want to ensure that their children pass the SSC exam at around 15 years as it is the minimum age limit for the exam. To ensure that, they are frequently manipulating the students’ age at JSC-level,” Nadira told the Dhaka Tribune over phone.
According to the existing regulations, nobody can change their age after JSC.
Saiful, the birth registration project director, said this was the main reason behind the number of birth registrations being higher than the actual population.
“We have recommended the Education Ministry to fix the minimum SSC examination age level at 16 years; but they fixed it at 15, which is a problem,” he added.
A birth registrar from the DNCC’s zone 3 told the Dhaka Tribune that different age requirements by separate schools also prompted parents to create several birth certificate for the same person.
“Viqarunnisa Noon School, a renowned girls’ school in the capital, requires the age to be six plus [for first grade admission seekers]; while another famous school Holy Cross requires five-and-half to six-and-half for the same class. To fulfil requirements of both schools, guardians collect two different birth certificates,” the official added.
Acknowledging the problem, Project Director Saiful said directives have already been issued to all the city corporations, municipalities and union parishads to ensure birth registration within 45 days of every childbirth.
However, an official count shows that out of over 1.09 crore infants born from September 2011 to September 2014, only 83,020 have been registered within 45 days of birth.
In parliament recently, LGRD Minister Syed Ashraful Islam was asked by ruling party lawmaker Mouazzem Hossain Ratan on how the birth registrations had exceeded the current population. However, Ratan did not find a chance to get any supplementary question.
“It is a simply unbelievable number, and with this number we cannot take any effective decision,” said Ratan, when the Dhaka Tribune contacted him recently.
Meanwhile, mentioning another reason behind the disparity of numbers, registration project chief Saiful said people who had registered births were not aware of the necessity to register deaths, causing the gap between the registrations and population.
The existing birth and death registration act was passed in the parliament on December 7, 2004, but came into effect on July 3, 2006.
But before that, with active support of Unicef, the government started the Birth and Death Registration Project in 2001 under the Local Government Division. Its first phase lasted during 2001-2006, second phase during 2007-2011, while the third phase was now ongoing.Courtesy: http://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2014/dec/20/birth-registrations-11-higher-total-population#sthash.NhC13PWP.dpuf
The US has strongly condemned the ongoing violence in Bangladesh and urged the ruling Sheikh Hasina government to provide necessary space for peaceful political activity.
"We deplore the unconscionable attacks including bus burnings, throwing incendiary devices, and train derailments that have killed and wounded innocent victims. We condemn in the strongest terms the use of violence for political objectives," State Department Deputy Spokesperson Marie Harf said yesterday.
"We call on the government to provide the necessary space for peaceful political activity, and for all parties to instruct their members to refrain from violence," Harf said.
She said the US was gravely concerned over the deteriorating situation in the country.
"The United States is gravely concerned by the ongoing unrest and violence in Bangladesh," Harf said.
There is simply no justification for such actions in a democratic Bangladesh, she said, adding that all Bangladeshis must have the right and the ability to express their views peacefully.
Nationwide anti-government protests have been going on in Bangladesh and the death toll in the month-long political violence has mounted to over 60.
The Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) began the protests on January 6, marking the first anniversary of the controversial polls it boycotted and the ruling Awami League won.
The BNP boycotted the elections after its demand to hold the polls under a neutral caretaker government was rejected.
Hasina rejected the demand and asked former premier and BNP chief Khaleda Zia to wait until 2019 for the next scheduled polls and prepare her party for the elections by "wining the peoples' heart".
The birth registration system of People's Republic of Bangladesh is very much advanced compared to any other countries in the world. This is the first country in the world which implements 100% centralized online birth registration.
To register the birth of a new born or of the person whose birth has not registered yet, can now register online and can obtain Birth Certificate easily. The link to access the online birth registration form is given at the bottom of this page. You can fill the application form provided to apply for birth certificate.
Once you have submitted the application form, normally it will take 1-4 working days for registering the birth. You can contact your registrar for with relevant documents to obtain the certificate. After that you can check the status of your application processing by clicking the Track Birth Registration Application link provided at the top of the page.
This tracking feature is open only for those who have applied online. Those who have submitted the manual application cannot access this service.
The online certificate application is only for new registrations. For those who have registered the birth already, please DO NOT apply again. You can apply for birth registration certificate to birth registrars only once. If you need a certificate which you have already registered, please walk in to your birth registrar office.
This page is linked with Births and Deaths Registration Department, Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. You can access the birth registration service to apply for birth certificate of Bangladesh by the link provided below.
Application form Birth registration application form of People's Republic Of Bangladesh